Pigmentation refers to the coloring of the skin. Skin pigmentation disorders cause changes to the color of your skin. Melanin is made by cells in the skin and is the pigment responsible for your skin’s color.
Any discoloration of the skin is known as pigmentation. This common problem – in which you develop darker patches or color on your skin – is completely harmless and faced by both men and women. It is caused by excess melanin, the pigment that gives you your natural skin tone.
What Causes Skin Pigmentation?
UV rays are the biggest culprits that trigger overproduction of melanin. However, the damage caused by UV rays is not visible immediately. So, if you have developed pigmentation on your face recently, it’s most likely a result of the damage caused to your skin about a decade ago!
Skin damage caused by injury (also called post-inflammatory pigmentation)
Hormonal changes during pregnancy
Skin infection (such as acne)